1. Complete the sentences using one of the following words. Use a/an where necessary.
biscuit, coat, key, music, letter, sugar, moment, question, blood, electricity
1. Listen! Can you hear a music?
2. I couldn’t get into the house because I didn’t have a key?
3. It’s very warm today .Why are you wearing a coat?
4.Do you take some sugar in your coffee?
5. Are you hungry? Would you like some biscuit with your coffee?
6. I didn’t phone them.I wrote a letter instead.
7.Excuse me, but can I ask you a question?
8. I’m not ready yet. Can you wait a moment,please?
9.Our lives would be very difficult without a electricity.
10. The heart pumps some blood through the body.
2.Who were the people?
1.Beethoven? He was a composer.
3.Albert Einstein?Theoretical physicist.
4.Washington? Lincoln? John Kennedy ? American politicians.
5.Marilyn Monroe? American actress, model, and singer.
6.Elvis Presley? John Lennon?Singers and actors
7.Van Gogh? Renoir? Gauguin?Writers
3.Put a/an or some where necessary.If no word is necessary, leave the space empty (-).
- I have seen some good films recently.
- What’s wrong with you? Have you got a headache.
- I know a lot of people. Most of them are somestudents.
- When I was a child, I used to be very shy.
- Would you like to be a actor?
- Do you collect some stamps?
- What a beautiful garden.
- It’s a pity we haven’t got a camera. I’d like to take a photo of that house.
- Those are some nice shoes.Where did you get them?
- I’m going shopping. I want to buy some new shoes.
- You need a visa to visit some countries, but not all of them.
- Jane is a teacher. Her parents were a teachers too.
The most powerful computer in the universe:brain.
Man still has a lot to learn about the most powerful and complex part of his body – brain.
In ancient times men did not think that the brain was the center of mental activity. Aristotle, the philosopher of ancient Greece, thought that the mind was based in the heart. It was until the 18th century that man realized that the whole of the brain was involved in the workings of the mind.
During the 19th century scientists found that when certain parts of the brain were damaged men lost the ability to do certain things. And so, people thought that each part of the brain controlled a different activity. But modern research has found that this is not so.It is not easy to say exactly what each part of the brain does.
In the past 50 years there has been a great increase in the amount of research being done on the brain. Chemists and biologists have found that the way the brain works is far more complicated than they had thought. In fact many people believe thatwe are only now really starting to learn the truth about how human brain works. The more scientists find out, the more questions they are unable to answer. For instance, chemists have found that over 100.000 chemical reactions take place in the brain every second.
Scientists hope if we can discover how the brain works, the better use we will be able to put it to. For example, how do we learn language? Man differs most from all the other animals in his ability to learn and use language but we still do not know exactly how this is done.
As long as the brain is given plenty of exercise it keeps its power. It has been found that an old person who has always been mentally active has a quicker mind than a young person who has done only physical work. It is now thought that the more work we give our brains, the more work they are able to do.
Other people now believe that we use only 1% of our brains’ full potential.They say that the only limit on the power of the brain is the limit of what we think is possible. This is probably because of the way we are taught as children. When we first start learning to use our minds we are told told what to do, for example, to remember certain facts, but we are not taught how our memory works and how to make the best use of it.
This century man hs made discoveries about the universe – the world outside himself. But he has also started to look into the workings of that other universe which is inside himself – the human brain.
Vocabulary (դուք նաև դուրս եք գրումբառերի անգլերեն սահմանումները)
brain- ուղեղ The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system
powerful – հզոր, զորեղ having great power or strength
universe – տիեզերք The Universe is all of space and time and their contents, including planets, stars, galaxies, and all other forms of matter and energy.
complex- բարդ, խճճված A group or system of different things that are linked in a close or complicated way.
Mental — մտավոր Relating to the mind
activity- գործունեություն Function, scope
mind- միտք The mind is the set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, imagination, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory, which is housed in the brain
to realize- հասկանալ, գիտակցել Become fully aware of (something) as a fact; understand clearly.
to be involved- ներգրավված լինել Being involved means being a part of something or associated with it.
workings – աշխատանքներ The action of doing work.
to damage- վնասել To harm or spoil something
ability- կարողություն Possession of the means or skill to do something.
to control- հսկել To order, limit, or rulesomething, or someone’s actions or behaviour.
research-հետազոտություն The systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
far more- չափից շատ a lot of
in fact- իրականում, փաստորեն Something that actually exists; reality; truth:
lifetime- կյանքի տևողություն The time that the life of someone or something.
potential- ներուժ Possible, as opposed to actual